Hurling has its origins in Gaelic Ireland. The players utilize wooden sticks called hurlies to hit balls (sliotars) between the goalposts of the opposing team. One point is earned if the sliotar goes over the cross bar. Three points are attained when it lands into a net that is guarded by a goalie.
Sliotars can be carried by the player but only for four or less steps. If players wish to hold onto it for longer they need to bounce or balance the ball on the end of their hurley. They may also be struck whilst in the air or on the ground. Short range passing with open hands is a common tactic.
Each team consists of 15 people. Five subs are permitted in every match. There are numerous reasons why a player could be charged with a technical foul. This is due to the numerous rules currently in place. Physical contact between opposing players is permitted but strict rules need to be followed. The person charging must have at least one of their feet on the ground. Contact takes the form of a shoulder to shoulder charge.
Injuries can occur due to the fact that protective body padding is not generally worn. Since 2010 helmets with faceguards have become mandatory in most hurling leagues. The rules are dictated by the Gaelic Athletic Association. Despite being associated with Ireland professional teams come from all over the world. Famous names in the sport hail from North America, South Korea, Australia and South Africa.